|"Swing dance" is a group of dances that developed with the
swing style of jazz music starting in 1920s, and includes Lindy
Hop, Charleston, Shag, Balboa, West Coast Swing, East
Coast Swing, Jive, Rock and Roll, and Jitterbug.
Lindy Hop, the most popular swing dance, is an American
social dance (which could be danced competitively as well), the
original swing dance, developed in 1920 in Harlem's Savoy
Ballroom, New York. Lindy Hop is made up of 8 beat and 6
beat moves and is a combination of solo and partner dancing.
Lindy Hop is similar to Charleston, and its basic moves include
sugar pushes, side passes, swing outs, aerials, spins, and
other. The dance is all about having fun, interacting with your
partner, improvising, and playing with the music.
The Charleston is a dance named for the city of Charleston,
South Carolina, was developed in African-American
communities in the United States in 1920s, and became
popular after appearing along with the song, "The
Charleston," by James P. Johnson in the Broadway musical
Runnin' Wild in 1923.
Charleston could be danced solo, with a partner, or in groups,
and includes swaying arms, fast movement and kicks of the
feet, and hops. Charleston is one of the most popular and
easy to learn swing dances.
West Coast Swing is a partner dance originated from Lindy
Hop, and the most sophisticated dance in the swing dance
family. West Coast Swing is called a slotted dance. With
graceful movements combined with twirls and pushes, it could
be improvised to suit any form of music. Comparing to the
Lindy Hop and the East Coast Swing, the West Coast Swing
is a slower dance.
East Coast Swing, almost identical to the Jitterbug, is a
circular, rotating social swing dance with many wraps, tunnels,
and turns, which is danced to a count of 6, and slightly faster
than the West Coast Swing. East Coast Swing basic steps
are: triple step, triple step, rock step.
Jive, the fastest of the latin dances, originated in the United
States in 1940, and was influenced by the Boogie, Rock &
Roll, Jitterbug, East Coast Swing and Lindy Hop. Jive is one of
the five International Latin dances, and could be danced both
competitively and socially. Happy and energetic dance, Jive is
filled with knee-lifting, bending, rocking of the hips, kicks,
flicks, and spins, and doesn't move around the dance floor
like other dances.